Welcome back! Let’s go straight to the puzzle.
A king in medieval times thought his seers were giving him wrong information. Like when they said they foresaw a expansion in the empire, but a savage horde conquered half his kingdom the next day. So he had a idea. He went to a hat-maker and had him make a random number of red and blue hats. The hat-maker complied and made a random number of red and blue hats.
The king then tells his 100 seers he is about to line them up and that he will place either a red or blue hat on each of their heads. Once lined up, they must not communicate amongst themselves. Nor may they attempt to look behind them or remove their own hat.
The king tells the seers that they will be able to see all the hats in front of them. They will not be able to see the color of their own hat or the hats behind them, although they will be able to hear the answers from all those behind them.
The king will then start with the seers in the back and ask “what color is your hat?” The seers will only be allowed to answer “red” or “blue,” nothing more. If wrong then they will be killed
The king will then move on to the next seer and repeat the question.
The king makes it clear that if anyone breaks the rules then all the seer will die, then allows the seers to consult before lining them up. The king listens in while the seers consult each other to make sure they don’t devise a plan to cheat. To communicate anything more than their guess of red or blue by coughing or shuffling would be breaking the rules.
What is the maximum number of seers they can be guaranteed to save? Because, of course, they are all frauds.
Random guessing guarantees saving 0 of them so keep that in mind.
If you think you know the answer comment below. I’ll put the answers in the comments in one week. Have fun!